• Le fonds

 

Les gemmes

Gemmes et gemmologie (B. Rondeau E. Fritsch)

Bariand P., Poirot J.-P. (1998). – Larousse des Pierres Précieuses. Larousse Ed., Paris, 284 p.

Devouard B., Notari F. (2009). – The identification of faceted gemstones: From the naked eye to laboratory techniques. Elements, 5, p. 163-168.

Fritsch E., Rondeau B. (2009). – Gemology : the developing science of gems. Elements, 5 (3), p. 147-152.

Giuliani G., Chaussidon M., Schubnel H.-J., Piat D., Rollion-Bard C., France-Lanord C., Giard D., De Narvaez D., Rondeau B. (2000). – Oxygen isotopes and Emerald Trade Routes since Antiquity. Science, 287, p. 631-633.

Gramaccioli C. (1991). – Application of mineralogical techniques to gemmology. European Journal of Mineralogy, 3, p. 703-706.

Groat L., Laurs B.M. (2009). – The formation of gem minerals: When mother nature cooks the right recipe. Elements, 5, p. 153-158.

Haüy R.-J. (1817). – Traité des caractères physiques des pierres précieuses pour servir à leur détermination lorsqu’elles ont été taillées. Courcier (ed), Paris, 253 p.

Hurlbut C.S., Kammerling R.C. (1991). – Gemology, 2nde édition. John Wiley & Sons, New York, 336 p.

Jannettaz E., Vanderheym E., Fontenay E., Coutance A. (1881). – Diamant et pierres précieuses. J Rotschild (ed), Paris, 580 p.

Kane R.E. (2009). – Seeking cheap perfection: Synthetic gems. Elements, 5, p. 169-174.

Liddicoat R.T. (1987). – Handbook of Gem Identification. GIA, Santa Monica, CA, 362 p.

Nassau K. (1980). – Gems Made by Man. Chilton Book Company, Radnor, PA, 364 p.

Nguyen Bui H.A., Fritsch E., Rondeau B. (2012). – Geographical origin: branding or science? In Color, Spring 2012, n°2, p. 30-39.

Rossman G.R. (2009). – The geochemistry of gems and its relevance to gemology: different traces, different prices. Elements, 5, p.159-162.

Schmetzer K. (1983). – Eine Untersuchung der opalisierenden Syntheseprodukte von Gilson. Zeitschrift der Deutschen Gemmologischen Gesellschaft, 2-3, p.107-118.

Shigley J.E., McClure S.F. (2009). – Laboratory treatments of gems. Elements, 5, p. 175-178.

Shor R. (2013). – Diamond miners under pressure. G&G eBrief, 28 février 2013, vol. 4 n°5.

Webster R. (1975) Gems – Their Sources, Description and Identification. Butterworth & Co, 938 p.

 

 

Géologie des gisements de gemmes colorées à forte valeur économique (G. Giuliani, D. Ohnenstetter, A.E. Fallick, L.A. Groat)

Abduryiyim A., Sutherland F.L., Coldham T. (2012). – Past, present and future of Australian gem corundum. Austr. Gemmol. 24, p. 234-242.

Adamo I., Gatta G.D., Rotiroli N., Diella V., Pavese A. (2011). – Green andradite stones: gemmological and mineralogical characterization. EJM,23, p. 91-100.

Barrois O., Giuliani G., Hafeznia Y., Zeenabad H.A., Rakotondrazafy A.F.M., Ohnenstetter D., Fallick A.E., Mathieu S., Rouer O. (2013). – Caractéristiques minéralogique et chimique des grenats démantoides de Bagh Borj (Iran) et d'Antetezambato (Madagascar) : conséquences géologiques. 2ème partie, Études minéralogique et chimique. Revue A.F.G., 183, p. 10-15.

Bocchio R., Adamo I., Diela V. (2010). – The profile of trace elements, including the REE, in gem-quality green andradite from classic localities. Can. Mineral., 48, p. 1205-1216.

Branquet Y., Cheilletz A., Giuliani G., Laumonier B. (1999). – Fluidized hydrothermal breccia in dilatant faults during thrusting: the Colombian emerald deposits case. In: McCaffrey, K.J.W., Lonergan, L., Wilkinson, J.J. (eds) Fractures, fluid Flow and Mineralization. Geol. Soc. London, Special Publications, 155, p. 183-195.

Bridges C.R. (1974). – Green grossularite garnets (‘tsavorites’) in East Africa. Gems & Gemology,14, p. 290-295.

Brousse R., Varet J. (1966). – Les trachytes du Mont-Dore et du Cantal septentrional et leurs enclaves. Bull. Soc. Géol. de France, VIII, 7, p. 246-262.

Cheilletz A., Féraud G., Giuliani G., Rodriguez C.T. (1994). – Time-pressure-temperature formation of Colombian emerald: an 40Ar/39Ar laser-probe and fluid inclusion-microthermometry contribution. Econ. Geol., 89, p. 361-380.

Cheilletz A., Giuliani G., Branquet Y., Laumonier B., Sanchez A.J.M., Féraud G., Arhan T. (1997). – Datation K-Ar et 40Ar/39Ar à 65 ± 3 Ma des gisements d'émeraude du district de Chivor-Macanal : argument en faveur d'une déformation précoce dans la Cordillère Orientale de Colombie. C. R. Acad. Sci., 324, série IIa, p. 369-377.

Feneyrol J. Giuliani G., Ohnenstetter D., Saul M., Saul E., Saul J.M. (2010). – Le district minier à 'tsavorite' de Lemshuku, Tanzanie. Revue de l'Association Française de Gemmologie, 172, p. 11-22.

Feneyrol J., Giuliani G., Ohnenstetter D., Le Goff E., Simonet C., Rakotondrazafy A.F.M., D. Ichang’i D., Malisa E., Deschamps Y., Fallick A.E., Khan T., Nyamai C.(2013a). –Les gemmes néoprotérozoïques de la ceinture métamorphique mozambicaine du supercontinent Gondwana (1000-542 Ma). Cahier N°2 du Règne Minéral, "Les Gemmes du Gondwana", p. 13-50.

Feneyrol J., Giuliani G., Ohnenstetter D., Fallick A.E., Martelat J.M., Monié P., Dubessy C., Rollion-Bard Cl., Le Goff E., Malisa E., Rakotondrazafy A.F.M., Pardieu V., Kahn T., Ichang'i, D., Venance E., Voarintsoa N.R., Ranatsenho M., Simonet C., Omito E., Nyamai C., Saul M., Saul E., Saul J. (2013b). – A la poursuite du grenat vert vanadifère. Cahier N°2 Règne Minéral, "Les Gemmes du Gondwana", p. 57-70.

Forestier F.H. (1993). – Histoire de l'un des gisements de gemmes le plus anciennement connu d'Europe occidentale : saphirs, grenat, et hyacinthes du Puy en Velay. Cahiers de la Haute Loire, 43, p. 81-148.

Gaillou E., Devouard B., Vielzeuf D., Boivin P., Rochault, J. Valley J., Harris C. (2010). – Le Mont Coupet, Menet et le Sioulot : trois gisements de saphirs du Massif central. Le Règne Minéral, 93, p. 28-36.

Garnier V., Ohnenstetter D., Giuliani G., Schwarz D. (2002a). – Rubis trapiches de Mong Hsu, Myanmar. Revue de Gemmologie A.F.G., 144, p. 5-12.

Garnier V., Ohnenstetter D., Giuliani G., Blanc P., Schwarz D. (2002b). – Trace-element contents and cathodoluminescence of "Trapiche" rubies from Mong Hsu (Myanmar): Geological significance. Mineralogy and Petrology, 76, p. 179-193.

Garnier V. (2003). – Les gisements de rubis associés aux marbres de l’Asie centrale et du Sud-Est : genèse et caractérisation isotopique. Thèse de Doctorat INPL, Nancy, France, 390 p.

Garnier V., Giuliani G., Ohnenstetter D., Schwarz D., Kausar A.B. (2006a). – Les gisements de rubis associés aux marbres de l'Asie centrale et du Sud-Est. Le Règne Minéral, 67, p. 17-48.

Garnier V., Giuliani G., Ohnenstetter D., Fallick A.E., Dubessy J., Banks D., Vinh H.Q., Lhomme T., Maluski H., Pêcher A., Bakhsh K.A., Long P.V., Trinh P.T., Schwarz D. (2008). – Marble-hosted ruby deposits from Central and Southeast Asia: towards a new genetic model. Ore Geol. Rev., 34, p. 169-191.

Giuliani G., Cheilletz A., Zimmermann J-L., Ribeiro-Althoff A.M., France-Lanord C., Féraud G. (1997). – Les gisements d'émeraude du Brésil : genèse et typologie. Chronique Recherche Minière,526, p. 17-61.

Giuliani G., Ohnenstetter D., Garnier V, Fallick A.E., Rakotondrazafy A.F.M., Schwarz D. (2007). – The geology and genesis of gem corundum deposits. In Geology of gem deposits (Groat, A. ed.), Mineralogical Association of Canada, Yellowknife, Canada, Short Course Series, 37, p. 23-78.

Giuliani G., Lasnier B., Ohnenstetter D., Fallick A.E., Pégère G. (2010). – Les gisements de corindon de France. Le Règne Minéral,93, p. 5-22.

Giuliani G. (2011). – La spirale du temps de l'émeraude. Le Règne Minéral, 98, p. 31-44.

Giuliani G., Ohnenstetter D., Fallick A.E., Groat L., Feneyrol J. (2012). – Geographic origin of gems linked to their geographical history. InColor,19, p. 16-27.

Goujou J.-C. (2002). – Les saphirs des plages vendéennes : un gisement à localisation variable. Le Règne Minéral,46, p. 19-27.

Graham I.T., Khin Zaw, Cook N.J. Eds. (2008). – The genesis of gem deposits. Ore Geol. Rev., 34, 215 p.

Groat L.E. Ed. (2007) Geology of gem deposits. Mineralogical Association of Canada, Raeside ER (Ed.), Short Course Series 37, Yellowknife, Canada, 276p.

Groat L.A., Giuliani G., Marshall D., Turner D. (2007). – Emerald. Mineralogical Association of Canada, Yellowknife, Canada, Short Course Series, 37, p. 79-109.

Groat L., Giuliani G. (2012). – La géologie des gemmes. Pour la Science, 418, p. 58-65.

Grundmann G., Morteani G. (1989). – Emerald mineralization during regional metamorphism: The Habachtal (Austria) and Leydsdorp (Transvaal, South Africa) deposits. Econ. Geol., 84, p. 1835-1849.

Hughes R.W. Ed. (1997). – Ruby and sapphire. RWH publishing, Boulder, U.S.A., 511 p.

Kievlenko, E.Y. (2003). – Geology of Gems. Ocean Pictures Ltd, Littleton, CO, USA., 432 p.

Lacroix A. (1890). – Sur l'origine du zircon et du corindon de la Haute-Loire et sur les enclaves de gneiss et de granulites des roches volcaniques du Plateau Central. Bull. Soc. Minéral. France, 13 (3), p. 100-103.

Malsy A.-K. (2010). – Trace element chemistry and locality determination. In: Schmetzer K. Ed. Russian alexandrites, p. 121-126.

Mychaluk K.A. (1995). – The Yogo saphire deposit. Gems & Gemology, 31, p. 28-41.

Ohnenstetter D., Giuliani G., Bustos O. (1998). – Emeraudes trapiches colombiennes. In : Giard D., Giuliani G., Cheilletz A., Fritch E., Gonthier E., ed., L'émeraude. Connaissances actuelles et prospectives, p. 119-124.

Ottaway T.L., Wicks F.J., Bryndzia L.T., Kyser T.K., Spooner T.C. (1994). – Formation of the Muzo hydrothermal emerald deposit in Colombia. Nature, 369, p. 552-554.

Peretti A., Hahn L. (2013). – Record-breaking discovery of ruby and sapphire at the Didy mine in Madagascar: investigating the source. InColor, 21, p. 22-35.

Pezzotta F., Adamo I., Diella V. (2011). – Demantoid and topazolite from Antetezambato, northern Madagascar: review and new data. Gems & Gemology, 47, p. 2-14.

Rakotosamizanany S., Giuliani G., Ohnenstetter D., Rakotondrazafy M., Fallick A.E. (2009). – Les gisements de saphirs et de rubis associés aux basaltes alcalins de Madagascar : caractéristiques géologiques et minéralogiques. 1ère partie: Caractéristiques géologiques des gisements. Revue de l’Association Française de Gemmologie, 169, p. 13-21.

Rondeau B., Fritsch E., Mocquet B., Lulzac Y. (2009). – Ambanja (Madagascar) - A new source of gem demantoid garnet. InColor, 3, p. 22-24.

Saul J. (2013). – Chronique de la découverte de trois mines historiques de gemmes en Afrique de l'Est. Cahier N°2 Règne Minéral, "Les Gemmes du Gondwana", p. 89-96.

Schmetzer k. Ed. (2010). – Russian alexandrites. Schweizerbart Science Publishers, 141 p.

Simonet C., Paquette J.L., Pin C., Lasnier B., Fritsch E. (2004). – The Dusi (Garba Tula) sapphire deposit, Central Kenya -a unique Pan-African corundum-bearing monzonite. J. Afr. Earth Sci., 38, p. 401-410.

Simonet C., Fritsch E., Lasnier, B. (2008). – A classification of gem corundum deposits aimed towards gem exploration. Ore Geol. Rev., 34, p. 127-133.

Sutherland F.L., Schwarz D., Jobbins E.A., Coenraads R.R., Webb G. (1998). – Distinctive gem corundum suites from discrete basalt fields: a comparative study of Barrington, Australia, and West Pailin, Cambodia, gemfields. J. Gemmol., 26, p. 65-85.

Sutthirat C., Saminpanya S., Droop G.T.R., Henderson C.M.B., Manning D.A.C. (2001). – Clinopyroxene-corundum assemblages from alkali-basalt and alluvium, eastern Thailand: constraints on the origin of Thai rubies. Mineral. Mag., 65, p. 277-295.

Upton B.G.J., Hinton R.W., Aspen P., Finch A.A., Valley, J.W. (1999). – Megacrysts and associated xenoliths: evidence for migration of geochemically enriched melts in the upper mantle beneath Scotland. J. Petrol., 40, p. 935-956.

Yager Y.G., Menzie W.D., Olson D.W. (2008). – Weight of production of emeralds, rubies, sapphires, and tanzanite from 1995 through 2005. USGS Open file Report 2008-1013, Reston, Virginia, USA, 9 p.

 

 

Les pegmatites à gemmes (L. A. Groat, G. Giuliani)

Beurlen H., de Moura O.J.M., Soares D.R., Da Silva M.R.R., Rhede E. (2011). –Geochemical and geological controls on the genesis of gem-quality “Paraíba Tourmaline” in granitic pegmatites from northeastern Brazil. Canadian Mineralogist, 49, p. 277-300.

Boulliard J.-Cl. (2000). – Madagascar dans la collection des minéraux de l'Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France. Le Règne Minéral, 80, p. 70-71.

Černý P. (1991). – Rare-element granite pegmatites. I. Anatomy and internal evolution of pegmatite deposits. Geoscience Canada, 18, p. 49-67.

Černý P. (2000). – Constitution, petrology, affiliations and categories of miarolitic pegmatites. In: Pezzotta F (ed) Mineralogy and Petrology of Shallow Depth Pegmatites. Memorie della Società Italiana di Scienze Naturali e del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano, 30, p. 5-12.

Černý P., Ercit T.S. (2005). – The classification of granitic pegmatites revisited. Canadian Mineralogist, 43, p. 2005-2026.

Černý P., London D., Novak M. (2012). – Granitic pegmatites as reflections of their sources. Elements, 8, p. 289-294.

Chiappero P.-J., Farges F. (2008). – Les minéraux de Madagascar dans la collection de minéralogie du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France. Le Règne Minéral, 80, p. 66-69.

Cornejo C., Bartorelli A. (2010). – Minerals and precious stones of Brazil. Cultural publications, São Paulo, 704 p.

Giuliani G., Rakotondrazafy A.F.M., Fontan F., Moine B., Carlier G., Lorand J-P, Rondeau B., Ohnenstetter D. (2008). – Contribution des géologues et minéralogistes français et malgaches à la connaissance géologique et minière de Madagascar du 19ème au 21ème siècle. Le Règne Minéral, 80, p. 5-21.

Jahns R.H., Burnham C.W. (1969). – Experimental studies of pegmatite genesis: I. A model for the derivation and crystallization of granitic pegmatites. Economic Geology, 64, p. 843-864.

Jahns R.H. (1982). – Internal evolution of pegmatite bodies. In: Granitic pegmatites in science and industry. Černý, P. (ed). Mineralogical Association of Canada, Short Course Handbook, 8, p. 293-327.

Jébrak M., Marcoux E. (2008). – Géologie des ressources minérales. Ressources minérales et Faune, Québec. Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec, 667 p.

Lacroix A. (1922). – Minéralogie de Madagascar, A. Challamel (Ed.), Paris, 3 vol..

Lebocey J., Giuliani G. (2013). – La spessartine du Puy Bézin, Saint-Yriex-le-Déjalat, Corrèze. Le Règne Minéral, 113, p. 23-27.

London D. (2008). – Pegmatites. Canadian Mineralogist Special Publication, 10, 347 p.

London D. (2013). – Bursting the bubble: Crystal-filled cavities in granitic pegmatites. Rocks & Minerals, 88, p. 527-534.

Pezzotta F. (2008). – Rhodizite, londonite et autres minéraux rares des pegmatites granitiques à danburite du centre de Madagascar. Le Règne Minéral, 80, p. 57-65.

Scorza E.P. (1944). – Província Pegmatítica da Borborema. Departamento Nacional da Produção Mineral-DNPM, Brazilian Geological Survey, Rio de Janeiro, Divisão de Geologia e Mineralogia. Boletim, 112, p. 1-57.

Shigley J.E., Kampf A.R. (1984). – Gem-bearing pegmatites: a review. Gems & Gemology, 20, p. 64-77.

Simmons W.B., Webber K.L., Falster A.U., Nizamoff J.W. (2003). – Pegmatology: Pegmatite Mineralogy, Petrology and Petrogenesis. Rubellite Press, New Orleans, LA, 176 p.

Simmons W.B. (2007). – Gem-bearing pegmatites. In: Groat LA (ed) Geology of Gem Deposits. Mineralogical Association Canada Short Course, 37, p 169-206.

Simmons W.B., Pezzotta F., Shigley J.E., Beurlen H. (2012). – Granitic pegmatites as sources of coloured gemstones. Elements, 8, p. 281-287.

Thomas R., Davidson P. (2012). – Water in granite and pegmatite-forming melts. Ore Geology Reviews, 46, p. 32-46.

 

 

Géologie et gemmologie des opales nobles (B. Rondeau, B. Chauviré, F. Mazzero, D. Ayalew, E. Fritsch)

Aguilar-Reyes B.O (2004). – Étude microstructurale des opales : Application à la déstabilisation par blanchissement. Thèse de doctorat, Université de Nantes, 174 p.

Ball R.A. (1975). – Opal from Coolgardie, Western Australia. The Australian Gemmologist, 12 (6), p. 171-173.

Beudant F.-S. (1822). – Voyage Minéralogique et Géologique en Hongrie pendant l’année 1818. Verdière ed., Paris. Tome II.

Bittencourt-Rosa D. (1988). – Les gisements d’opale noble de la région de Pedro II dans l’État de Piaui (région nord-est du Brésil). Thèse de doctorat, I.N.P.L.-I.N.S.G., Nancy, France. 230 p.

Cassedanne J. (1968). – L’opale au Brésil. Bulletin d’information de l’a.f.g., 16, p.12-14.

Ďud’a R. et Molnár J. (1992). – Die Mineralien aus den slowakischen Edelopal-Lagerstätten. Lapis, 4 / 92, p. 23-28.

Eckert A.W. (1997). – The world of opals. John Wiley & Sons Inc. New York, 448 p.

Fetherson J.M., Stocklmayer S.M., Stocklmayer V.C. (2013). – Gemstones of Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 25, Geological Survey of Western Australia & Gemmological Association of Australia Ed., 306 p.

Fusán O., Kodym O. Matĕjka A., Urbánek L. (1967). – Geological map of Czekoslovakia, 1/500 000. Ústředni ústav geologický, Prague.

Jobbins E.A. (1980). – Opal in Piaui State, Brazil. Zeitschrift der Deutschen Gemmologischen Gesellschaft, 29 (1-2), p. 40-54.

Johnson, M.L., Kämmerling, R.C., Deghionno D.G., Koivula, J.I. (1996). – Opal from Shewa Province, Ethiopia. Gems & Gemology, 32 (2), p. 112-120.

Gaber C.J. (2007). – Opal in the United States and Canada. In Opal - the phenomenal gemstone. Lithographie, LLC éditeur, East Hampton, Connecticut, USA, p. 81-91. Traduction du ExtraLapis n°10.

Gauthier J.-P., Mazzero F., Rondeau B., Fritsch E. (2013). – De l’originalité des opales éthiopiennes. Revue de Gemmologie a.f.g., 184, p.11-16.

Kaličiak M., Ďuďa R., Burda URDA P., Kaličiakova E. (1976). – Structural geological characteristics of the Dubnik opal deposits. Zbornik Východoslovenského Múzea v Košiciach, série AB, 17, p. 7-22.

Keats J. (1983). – Australian opals & Gemstones. The Australian Gem Industry Association Limited and Midnight Oil Advertising Pub., Sydney, Australia, 20 p.

Mazzero F. (2003). – A la découverte des gisements d’opale du Shewa, relation de voyage en Ethiopie. Revue de Gemmologie a.f.g., 148, p. 27-31.

Reusch E. (1865). – Ueber einen Hydrophan von Czerwenitza. Annalen der Physik, 200 (3), p. 431-448.

Rey P.F. (2013). – Opalisation of the Great Artesian Basin (central Australia): an Australian story with a Martian twist. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 60 (3), p. 291-314.

Rondeau B., Fritsch E., Guiraud M., Renac C. (2004). – Opals from Slovakia ("Hungarian" opals): a re-assessment of the conditions of formation. European Journal of Mineralogy, 16, p. 789-799.

Rondeau B., Fritsch E., Gauthier J.-P., Mazzero F., Cenki-Tok B., Bekele E., Gaillou E. (2010). – Play-of-color opal at Wegel Tena, Wollo, Ethiopia. Gems & Gemology, 46, (2), p. 90-105.

Rondeau B., Cenki-Tok B., Fritsch E., Mazzero F., Gauthier J.-P., Bodeur Y., Bekele E., Gaillou E., Ayalew D. (2012). – Geochemical and petrological characterization of gem opals from Wegel Tena, Wollo, Ethiopia: opal formation in an Oligocene soil. Geochemistry: Exploration, Environment, Analysis , 12, p.93-104.

Rondeau B., Gauthier J.-P., Mazzero F., Fritsch E., Bodeur Y., Chauviré B. (2013). – On the origin of digit patterns in opal. Gems & Gemology, 49 (4), p.138-146.

Sanders J.V. (1964). – Colour of precious opal. Nature, 204 (4964), p. 1151-1153.

Senior B.R., Mabbutt J.A. (1979). – A proposed method of defining deeply weathered rock units based on regional mapping in southwest Queensland. Journal of the Geological Society of Australia, 26, p. 237-254.

Smith E. (1999). – Black opal fossils of Lightning Ridge. Kangaroo Press, East Rossville, NSW, 112 p.

Spencer R.J., Levinson A.A., Koivula J.I. (1992). – Notes and new techniques: Opal from Querétaro, Mexico: Fluid inclusions study. Gems and Gemology, 28 (1), p. 28-34.

Vysotsky S.V., Barbar A.V., Kuryavy V.G., Chusovitin E.A., Karabstov A.A., Safronov P.P. (2010). – Hydrothermal noble opal : structure and genesis. Geology of Ore Deposits, 52 (8), p. 815-820.

Zelenka T. (1994). – Volcano-tectonical characteristics of the mineralized region at Telkibánya, NE-Hungary. Topographia Mineralogica Hungariae, II, p. 81-86.

 

 

Les origines géologique et géographique des gemmes (H. Nguyen Bui, E. Fritsch, B. Rondeau)

Abduriyim A., Kitawaki H. (2006). – Applications of laser-ablation-inductively coupled plasma - mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) to gemology. Gems & Gemology, 42 (2), p. 98-118.

Anderson W. (1958). – Gem testing. Heywood & Co. Ltd., London, England, 6th edition, p. 78 and 293.

Barres O., Sabot B., Cheilletz A., De Donato P. (1999). – Procédé de détermination de l’authenticité de la provenance géographique de gemmes telles que les béryls. Institut national de propriété industrielle, Demande de brevet d’invention, N° de publication 2 796 463, N° d’enregistrement national 99 09175, MAUBOUSSIN successeur de NOURY Demandeur, REGIMBEAU Mandataire.

Bosshart G. (1991a). – Emeralds from Colombia (Part 2). Journal of Gemmology, 22 (7), p. 409-425.

Bosshart G. (1991b). – Emeralds from Colombia (Part 3). Journal of Gemmology, 22 (8), p. 500-503.

Cheilletz A., De Donato P., Barrès S O. (2001). – La traçabilité des émeraudes : une avancée décisive obtenue par microscopie infrarouge. Revue de Gemmologie a.f.g., 141/142, p. 81-83.

Duroc-Danner J.M. (2006). – The identification of the 2293 cm-1 infrared absorption band in natural and hydrothermal synthetic emeralds. Journal of gemmology, 30 (1/2), p. 75-82.

Garnier V. Giuliani G., Ohnenstetter D., Fallick A.E., Dubessy J., Banks D., Vinh H.Q., Lhomme T., Maluski H., Pecher A., Bakhsh K.A., Long P.V., Trinh P.T., Schwarz D. (2008). – Marble-hosted ruby deposits from Central and Southeast Asia: Towards a genetic model. Ore Geology Reviews, 34, p. 169-191.

Giuliani G., Chaussidon M., Schubnel H.-J., Piat D.H., Rollion-Bard C., France-Lanord C., Giard D., De Narvaez D., Rondeau B. (2000). – Oxygen isotopes and emerald trade routes since Antiquity. Science, 287, p. 631-633.

Giuliani, G., Fallick, A., Garnier, V., France-Lanord C., Ohnenstetter, D., Schwarz, D. (2005). – Oxygen isotope composition as a tracer for the origins of rubies and sapphires. Geology, 33 (4), p. 249-252.

Giuliani G., Ohnenstetter D., Fallick A., Groat L.A., Feneyrol J. (2012). – Geographic origin of gems linked to their geological history. InColor, 19, p. 18-29.

Gübelin Gem Lab (2006a). – The roots of origin determination. Jewellery News Asia, 263, p. 66-71.

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